Akinwumi Adesina, President of the African Development Bank, has denied the allegations of corruption and nepotism against him as the United States insists on an independent probe.

Some unidentified whistleblowers accused Adesina, who is the first Nigerian to oversee the AfDB, of handing contracts to acquaintances and appointing relatives to strategic positions. 

Adesina, in a statement on Wednesday, May 27, insisted that he did not violate the Code of Ethics of the Bank, adding that the allegation was to tarnish his reputation. 

According to him, “a fair, transparent and just process” would confirm his innocence. 

The African Development Bank’s board has agreed for independent professional outsiders to look into the allegations against Akinwumi Adesina after the U.S. rejected an internal investigation that cleared him of accusations of favouritism, according to two people familiar with deliberations on the matter.

The United States, who is also the second-biggest shareholder in the AfDB after Nigeria, demanded an independent probe of allegations levelled against Adesina on corruption after the Bank’s ethics committee has cleared him.

The proposed investigation comes three months before AfDB’s annual bank meeting, where Adesina is supposed to bid to extend his five-term.

Responding to the allegations, Adesina said “In recent weeks and over the last few days especially, I have been overwhelmed by the tremendous support received from around the world. I have absolute confidence in the integrity of the Bank that I lead and its governance systems, rules, and procedures.

“In spite of unprecedented attempts by some to tarnish my reputation and prejudice the Bank’s governance procedures, I maintain my innocence with regard to trumped-up allegations that unjustly seek to impugn my honor and integrity, as well as the reputation of the African Development Bank.

“I sincerely appreciate the support of the Bank’s shareholders.

“At this time, I remain confident that ultimately and as one collective, the Bank will emerge stronger than before and continue to support Africa’s development drive. I draw great inspiration from my heroes, Nelson Mandela and Kofi Annan, whose lives have shown that through the pain we grow. As Martin Luther King Jnr. once said, “the arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends towards justice.”

“I am confident that fair, transparent, and just processes that respect the rules, procedures, and governance systems of the Bank, and the rule of law, will ultimately prove that I have not violated the Code of Ethics of this extraordinary institution.”

Below are responses by the AfDB President, dated April 8, 2020, to allegations against him sourced from Premium Times:

Allegation No. 1

Not provided

Allegation No. 2: Appointment of Mrs. Chinelo ANOHU-AMAZU

ADESINA: Ms. Chinelo Anohu-AMAZU was recruited through a globally advertised, open, and competitive recruitment process. The search process was carried out by a top-notch external recruitment firm, Russell Reynolds of the U.K. She was one of two top candidates (both women) recommended to me as President to consider for appointment by the panel. But I can state categorically that the allegations made against her are untrue and defamatory.

Allegation No 3: Appointment and promotions of Martin FREGENE

ADESINA: Mr. Fregene is NOT my brother-in-law. There is no evidence he is. Second, Mr. Fregene is a world-class geneticist, internationally renowned for his work on plant genetics of cassava, and who worked earlier at CIAT, Colombia, one of the CGIAR centres, and subsequently as Director at the Danforth Plant Science Centre (probably the second-largest private agricultural research centres in the United States).

He returned from the diaspora to Nigeria to work as Chief Technical Advisor when I was Minister of Agriculture in Nigeria. He was hired as a consultant by the Bank Vice President for Agriculture, Human and Social Development, Jennifer Blake, to support her in the development of the Bank’s Feed Africa strategy. I approved the recommended hire which was entirely within my power to do.

Allegation No. 4: Mismanagement of the TAAT programme

ADESINA: Allegations against me concerning the TAAT are belied by objective and solid facts demonstrating no violation by me of the Code of Conduct.

TAAT is an initiative of the Bank developed to help take agricultural technologies to the scale of millions of farmers across Africa.

Although some staff made some mistakes in the procurement process, this is being investigated by the Bank and no findings have been made yet. There was no impropriety.

The president does not get involved in contractual issues in the Bank, except in cases involving matters that may affect the image, reputation, and interests of the Bank.

Allegation No. 5: Appointments and promotions of Mrs. Maria MULUNDI

ADESINA: Mrs. Maria Mulindi worked with me prior to joining the Bank. She was part of my transition management team as I prepared to take office at the Bank following my election as President, and she very ably led all engagements with the Bank with my transition team. All Presidents of the Bank can bring in and appoint their own Chief of Staff and advisers, to help them to implement their mandate.

Allegation No 6: Direct contracting and appointment of Victor OLADOKUN

ADESINA: We went to the university together and have been very close friends since then. There is nothing in the Bank rules that says that being a friend of anyone in the Bank who gets recruited at the Bank is against Bank rules.

Allegation No. 7: Contracting of Kapil KAPOOR

ADESINA: The African Development Bank, under my Chairmanship of the Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) Heads, was tasked to help further develop my proposal to the group on how we can work collectively to leverage global institutional investors to invest in infrastructure and other sectors.

Kapil Kapoor, who was previously the Director of Strategy and Policies of the Bank, prior to his appointment as the Director-General for Southern Africa, had been leading this work working closely with all other MDBs.

Kapil was essentially doing this work on top of his regular work as Director-General. He retired from the Bank at the end of August 2019.

Allegation No. 8: Appointment of Emmanuel EZINWA:

ADESINA: The allegation that “A Nigerian, Mr. EZINWA was found guilty of sexually harassing a colleague during his probation period; and despite his misconduct, (I) requested that Mr. EZINWA’s contract be confirmed, thus forcing the H.R. Director, Mrs. Frauke HARNISCHFEGER resign is false.

The truth is that I do not know Mr. EZINWA and have never met him in the Bank. The President does not get involved in any staff appraisals except for Vice Presidents and direct reports.

The then H.R. Director, Mr. David Ssegawa, evaluated the staff and there was nothing about sexual harassment.

Mrs. Frauke HARNISCHFEGER was not the H.R. Director in 2018. The H.R. Director in 2018 was Mr. David Ssegawa, who evaluated the staff and recommended the staff, as per the standard procedures of the Bank, to the President. Ms. HARNISCHFEGER joined the Bank in 2019, one year after a confirmation recommendation made by the predecessor H.R. Director.

Allegation No 9: Preferential treatment for Nigeria and Nigerians

ADESINA: I did not introduce an organizational chart with a Nigeria Country Directorate. The decision to open a Nigeria Country Directorate was taken by the Board of Directors under my predecessor, the former President of the Bank, Donald Kaberuka.

Allegation No 10: Awards received by the President and costs borne by the Bank

ADESINA: I received the World Food Prize ($250,000) and the Sunhak Peace Prize ($500,000) in recognition of a lifetime of accomplishments in the field of agriculture. Although they were individual prizes, they brought great credit and prestige to the AfDB.

I brought further credit to myself and the Bank by donating these two cash awards for the establishment of the World Hunger Fighters Foundation, a foundation that has garnered contributions from others and now funds the Borlaug Adesina Fellows Fellowship for young African Agribusiness Innovators.

The expenses of the World Food Prize event, including musical entertainment (musical groups from Nigeria and the Glee Club from Purdue University (my alma mater) were defrayed by the World Food Prize Foundation.

Allegation 11: Settlements for staff separations

ADESINA: The allegation that somehow the former Chief Economist, Mr. Celestine Monga, departed the Bank with improper payments is false. The Chief Economist was not dismissed. Contract non-renewal is not the dismissal of staff.

Allegation 12: Resignation of Mr. David SSEGAWA

ADESINA: Mr. Ssegawa was the H.R. Director. It is not true that I, as President, allowed him to resign when there was an investigation. There was absolutely no investigation of David Ssegawa when he resigned, nor was one contemplated.

Allegation No 13: Resignation of Mr. Michel-Cyr DJIENA-WEMBOU

ADESINA: The allegation that I allowed the country manager to resign when he was under investigation for corruption is false. The President does not run country offices. They are under a Director-General and overall oversight of a Vice President.

Allegation No. 14: Appointment of Mr. Charles LUFUMPA as acting V.P. and Chief Economist

ADESINA: The allegations against me over the appointment of Charles Lufumpa as Acting Vice President and Chief Economist are patently false. My conclusion after careful review of the case of Charles Lufumpa is that the investigations conducted were very faulty and cannot prove the allegations made against him. My review also showed a well-orchestrated effort to make Mr. Lufumpa a scapegoat for the failures of others to do their job.

Allegation No. 15: Disregard of rules concerning leave of absence of V.P.s or travel of management.

ADESINA: The President does not monitor or manage time off for staff as that is done by Human Resources. The truth is the Vice President had personal medical issues that he had to get attended to (his private life must be respected) that required him to be away for extended periods, as needed, and he traveled with full knowledge of the department of health of the Bank which was monitoring him while away on medical reasons.

Allegation No 16: Political lobbying of Heads of State

ADESINA: It is alleged that as President I basically bribed and corrupted the 16 African Heads of State and Governments in the ECOWAS region to support my candidacy for re-election.

The allegation essentially impugns the integrity, leadership, and honesty of 16 African presidents and ECOWAS. This is a fanciful and baseless allegation.


Adesina, hereby, said every single one of the 16 allegations against him in the disclosure remains unsubstantiated, adding that he has not violated the code of conduct.

He urged the Ethics Committee to dismiss the allegations has he has proved innocent of all allegations.


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